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Lesson 10 – 3rd group verbs (part 1) – the verb “ALLER” (conjugation in the present tense)

The 3rd group verbs in French are the most difficult to conjugate, because they are all irregular verbs.
We will start with the verb “ALLER” which means “to go.”
As you can see, the verb “ALLER” ends with -ER.
If it was a regular verb, it would have been part of the 1st group verb and should have been conjugated following the rules we saw in Lesson 4. Unfortunately, it is not the case. But do not worry, it is the only verb with an ending with -ER that is part of the 3rd group. If you meet any other verb, with an ending with -ER, just follow the rules of the 1st group verb conjugation.
After that, we will learn little by little how to conjugate the other 3rd group verbs.

You will find below the conjugation of the verb “ALLER” in the present tense. As you can see, the conjugation is really irregular compared to the other verbs we have seen so far. Fortunately, since it is a very often used verb, you will remember it very quickly.


to go
je vais I go
tu vas you go
il va
elle va
he goes
she goes
nous allons we go
vous allez you go
ils vont
elles vont
they go

Please watch the video below to help you with the pronunciation:

Here is the new vocabulary for this lesson:

au restaurant at/to the restaurant
à l’école at/to school
au travail at/to work
aux toilettes at/to the restroom
apprendre le français to learn French
finir mes devoirs to finish my homework
regarder la télé to watch TV

The easiest way to make a sentence will be: Subject + verb + location
Here are some examples of sentences you can easily make:

 Je vais au restaurant. => (I go to the restaurant.)
 Nous allons à l’école. => (We go to school.)
 Vas-tu à la piscine ? => (Do you go to the swimming pool?)
 Elles vont aux toilettes. => (They go to the restroom.)

Be careful, when you have the verb “aller” that is conjugated at the present tense + an infinitive verb: it translates an action in the near future. We use this type of sentence, when we know that the action is going to happen or is about to happen. See the examples below:

Aujourd’hui, je vais nager à la piscine.
(Today, I am going to swim at the swimming pool.)

Look at the examples we saw above and see how the meaning changes when we add an infinitive verb just after the conjugated verb “aller”:

Je vais manger au restaurant. => (I am going to eat at the restaurant.)
Nous allons manger à l’école. => (Today, we are going to eat at school.)
Elles vont aller aux toilettes. => (They are going to go to the restroom)
Non, je ne vais pas travailler aujourd’hui. => (No, I am not going to work today.)


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